PCI DSS is widely set of procedures and policies intended to optimize the security. Any company that processes, stores or send out cardholder data is required to be PCI compliant.
The HIPPA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) was signed into law in 1996. It has expanded notoriety for establishing authoritarian standards around ensuring data security and privacy.
The ISO 27000 is an information security standard with series of standards and catalog of international standards focused on information security and published by the International Standard for Organization.
Internationally most of the countries and states have endorsed laws that entail the notice of persons affected by a data breach and the execution of definite standards for shielding personal information.
COBIT 5 is the only business framework for the governance and management of enterprise IT. COBIT 5 incorporates the latest thinking in enterprise governance and management techniques, and provides globally accepted principles, practices, analytical tools and models to help increase the trust in, and value from, information systems.