What is Cloud Penetration Testing?

Cloud Penetration Testing aims to recognize risks and vulnerabilities in the following platforms:

This is done to mitigate all the cloud security threats before your cloud can be hacked or exploited.

Cloud security assessment will explore and investigate all the possibilities of exploitation of your cloud infrastructure. Cloud Security is an essential attribute of online computing infrastructure. Usually, every enterprise and organization has a requirement of online infrastructure to avail digital and computing services. These resources are vulnerable to various kinds of cloud security threats.

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Cloud Penetration Testing Methodology

Cloud penetration testing conducted by Kratikal involves the application of industrial standards and frameworks that are globally accepted and validated. The bottom layer of the underlying framework is based on guidelines like CIS Benchmarking and goes way beyond the initial framework itself.

Cloud security assessment involves the analysis of vulnerabilities, which includes analyzing the output from various security tools and testing techniques. A cloud security assessment consists of a broad range of tasks, such as Cloud Account Testing Methodology, Cloud Server Testing Methodology, Cloud-Based Web App Testing Methodology.

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Cloud Account Testing Methodology

Kratikal’s discursive method for cloud penetration testing overlays the classes of vulnerabilities is not limited. Following is the process which is used to perform Cloud Account Security Testing:

  1. Review Your Cloud Account Credentials
  2. Review Your IAM Users
  3. Review Your IAM Groups
  4. Review Your IAM Roles
  5. Review Your IAM Providers for SAML and Open ID Connect (OIDC)
  6. Review Your Mobile Apps
  7. Review Your Virtual Machine Security Configuration
  8. Review Cloud Policies in Other Services

Tools

We make use of tools from the following (not a complete list):

  • Prowler
  • Scout suite
  • Cloud Sploit
  • Cloud Mapper
  • Sky Ark
  • Lunar

Reporting

The reporting step is intended to deliver, rank, and prioritize all the cloud security threats and provide project stakeholders with a clear and actionable report, complete with evidence. At Kratikal, we develop a comprehensive report based on extensive research to present a suitable set of solutions and resolving measures for our client. We facilitate our services in the best interest of our clients which are communicated in every way.

Cloud Server Testing Methodology

Reconnaissance

This is the first stage of cloud server testing, where all the essential information about the target cloud environment is explored and gathered through a set of practices. The range of networks is examined along with the identification of active hosts. A range of methodological approaches are used to carry out reconnaissance with the help of some tools like NetcatPreserve and ping.

Analysing Vulnerabilities

The vulnerability analysis phase involves the documentation and analysis of all the vulnerabilities discovered as a result of the previous cloud pentesting steps. This includes the analysis of the results obtained by various security tools and manual testing techniques. A list of critical vulnerabilities, suspicious services, and items worth researching is created for further analysis.

Exploitation

The penetration tester explores the information that has been collected to attack the cloud server. The exploration for vulnerabilities is carried out rigorously, which ensures higher probability of successful exploitation. The pentester carries out sophisticated procedures to get access to sensitive data and uses it to execute malicious activities by exploiting the vulnerabilities detected.

Auditing

  1. Testing for account permissions
  2. Testing for applications and services
  3. Testing for files, directories, and partitions
  4. Testing for policies
  5. Testing for open ports
  6. Testing for server certificates
  7. Testing for network security settings
  8. Testing for network access controls
  9. Testing for auditing and logging
  10. Testing for users and groups
  11. Testing for system updates and patches

Tools

  • Nexpose
  • Nessus
  • Lynis
  • Nmap

Reporting

The reporting step is intended to deliver, rank, and prioritize findings and provide project stakeholders with a clear and actionable report, complete with evidence. At Kratikal, we consider this phase to be the most important and we take great care to ensure we’ve communicated the value of our cloud pentesting service and findings thoroughly.

Cloud-Based Web App Testing Methodology

Reconnaissance

This is the first stage of cloud-based web app testing, where all the essential information about the target cloud environment is explored and gathered through a set of practices. The range of networks is examined along with the identification of active hosts. There are numerous methods to carry out reconnaissance and the most popular is port scanning and the use of some tools like NetcatPreserve and ping. The methodological approaches for carrying out reconnaissance is getting file permission, injecting into OS platforms, gathering user account information, and building trust relationships.

Example testing includes: Conduct Search Engine Discovery and Reconnaissance for Information Leakage, Search Engine Recon, App Enumeration and App Fingerprinting, Identify app entry point.

Vulnerability Analysis

  • Configuration Management
  • Authentication Testing
  • Session Management
  • Authorization Testing
  • Data Input Validation
  • Testing for Error Handling
  • Client-Side Testing

Exploitation

The penetration tester explores the information that has been collected to attack the cloud server. The exploration for vulnerabilities is carried out rigorously, which ensures higher probability of successful exploitation. This directly impacts the success of the project. The pentester carries out sophisticated procedures to get access to sensitive data and uses it to execute malicious activities by exploiting the vulnerabilities detected. The next step in this process is to attack the most privileged users who are regarded as root.

The pentester instigates multiple and regular interference with the compromised devices. This allows them to build backdoors within the application to gain a secondary access for executing further exploitation in future.

Tools

  • Burp suit
  • Zad Attack Proxy
  • BeEF
  • Acunetix
  • Grabber
  • SQLmap
  • Vega

Reporting

The reporting step is intended to deliver, rank, and prioritize findings and provide project stakeholders with a clear and actionable report, complete with evidence. At Kratikal, we consider this phase to be the most important and we take great care to ensure we’ve communicated the value of our cloud pentesting service and findings thoroughly.

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FAQs: Cloud PenetrationTesting

The primary objective of cloud penetration testing and security asessment is to identify exploitable vulnerabilities in cloud-based servers, web applications, networks, systems, hosts, and network devices (ie: routers, switches, etc.) before hackers are able to discover and exploit them. Cloud security testing will reveal real-world cloud security threats that may enable hackers to compromise cloud-based systems, servers, and web applications. These vulnerabilities can provide hackers with unauthorized access to sensitive data or even allow them to take over systems for malicious/non-business purposes.
Strengthening cloud Security includes securing the respective firewalls, tokenization, avoiding public internet connections, cloud penetration testing, obfuscation, and virtual private networks (VPN). Cloud security is a major form of cyber security.
The aim of both cloud security testing and normal security testing is to provide maximum security to the data hosted inside. However, the conventional server includes maintenance costs, and handling the security of on-premise servers/applications can get tricky at times. Having cloud Infrastructure is more scalable, faster, and more cost-effective. A cloud approach may be the better solution.
Cloud Server testing includes testing for account permissions, applications, services, files, directories, and partitions as well as testing for policies, open ports, server certificates, network security settings, network access controls, auditing and logging, users, groups, system updates, and patches.

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