Secure Code Review

A secure code review is a specialized process that involves manually and/or automatically reviewing an application's source code to uncover hidden vulnerabilities, design flaws, detect insecure coding practices, backdoors, injection flaws, cross site scripting bugs, weak cryptography, etc.

Every business develops software or applications that are written in a variety of languages and frameworks. Each application/software is programmed with a set of codes that may have various vulnerabilities and weaknesses. The goal of secure code review is to improve the code's security and uncover any flaws before they may cause any harm.

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Need for a Secure Code Review

Reviewing security codes aids an organization in lowering overall maintenance and development costs, increasing the effectiveness of code lines, and reducing early-stage dangers. Secure code reviews are a required aspect of compliance in several areas, including healthcare, financial services, and e-commerce. It also adds another degree of protection to the application's security before it's released. Kratikal's comprehensive security code review services will help you shorten review times and improve the cost-effectiveness of your security verification procedure.

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Benefits of Code Review

  • Bugs are discovered early on, preventing any severe setbacks from occurring in the future.
  • The codes are optimized, which boosts performance and improves the user experience.
  • It enables the development team to apply new methodologies and collaborate in new ways.
  • It gives stakeholders more confidence and encourages them to participate.
  • It enables the project's requirements to be met, and monitoring improves the project's quality.
  • The application's needed structure is reflected in the design and framework implementation.

Security Testing Methodology

RECONNAISSANCE

This is the first step in the Secure Code Review process, where data is gathered. This necessitates the examination of secure codes created by certain software. Our review team thoroughly examines the codes and provides... valuable insight into the application. The details of libraries and code modules are detailed in the insights.

THREAT ASSESSMENT

The goal of threat assessment is to understand the software or web-based application's design and infrastructure. The threats that have been identified are referred to as vulnerabilities, and they will be enumerated... in descending order of danger. Through threat assessment, our review team will identify the weaknesses and recommend the best course of action for resolving them.

AUTOMATION

For huge codebases and multidimensional code structures, automation is required. For automated code review, many open source and commercial software are utilized. The most fundamental use of automation... is the examination of millions of lines of code. The automated methods are quite good at spotting vulnerable code packets. The developer or any security analyst can assess them further.

CODE REVIEW TOOLS

Some of the tools we use for .NET are: Puma Scan: For.NET C# open-source static source code analyzer. NET Security Guard: For .NET applications, SQL injections, LDAP injections, XXE, cryptography weakness,... XSS. Secure Assist: For insecure coding/configurations (.NET) by scanning code automatically as an IDE plugin for Eclipse, IntelliJ, and Visual Studio, etc.

MANUAL CODE REVIEW

The importance of manual code review in examining essential security safeguards cannot be overstated. It enables encryption, logging, data protection, access control, usage, and the back-end communication... system to be verified. The manual review is also necessary for identifying data flow and tracking the attack surface of the application. Going over the code line by line is costly and time-consuming, but it improves the code's clarity and helps to eliminate false positives.

CONFIRMATION & POC

After we've finished all the preceding procedures, we compile a report with all our findings in an easy-to-understand style. We documented every flaw in the code and devised a patching approach to address... it. The issues and recommendations are addressed between the client's development team and Kratikal's security team, and the development team corrects them as necessary.

REPORTING

Following the completion of all these stages, our team creates a report that summarizes all the findings in an easy-to-understand manner. All code fragments and modules with risks or issues are represented by... the team. Our team is also documenting the fix solution for each issue at the same time. Following a discussion between Kratikal's team and the client's development team, the report also includes a list of recommendations.

secure code review secure code review secure code review secure code review

Kratikal’s Approach

Our security professionals use their knowledge to conduct a manual and automated assessment to identify all potential coding issues. Then they give methods for resolving and resolving those errors.

In the review process, we have a series of specialized steps. The steps are as follows:

secure code review

1

Reconnaissance

This is the first step in the Secure Code Review process, where data is gathered. This necessitates the examination of secure codes created by certain software. Our review team thoroughly examines the codes and provides valuable insight into the application. The details of libraries and code modules are detailed in the insights.

secure code review

2

Threat Assessment

The goal of threat assessment is to understand the software or web-based application's design and infrastructure. The threats that have been identified are referred to as vulnerabilities, and they will be enumerated in descending order of danger. Through threat assessment, our review team will identify the weaknesses and recommend the best course of action for resolving them.

secure code review

3

Automation

For huge codebases and multidimensional code structures, automation is required. For automated code review, many open source and commercial software are utilized. The most fundamental use of automation is the examination of millions of lines of code. The automated methods are quite good at spotting vulnerable code packets. The developer or any security analyst can assess them further.

secure code review

4

Code Review Tools

Some of the tools we use for .NET are:

Puma Scan: It is a .NET C# open source static source code analyzer.

.NET Security Guard: It is helpful in security audits on .NET applications. It finds SQL injections, LDAP injections, XXE, cryptography weakness, XSS, and more.

Secure Assist: It prevent insecure coding and configurations (.NET) by scanning code automatically as an IDE plugin for Eclipse, IntelliJ, and Visual Studio, etc.

secure code review

5

Manual Code Review

The importance of manual code review in examining essential security safeguards cannot be overstated. It enables encryption, logging, data protection, access control, usage, and the back-end communication system to be verified. The manual review is also necessary for identifying data flow and tracking the attack surface of the application. Going over the code line by line is costly and time-consuming, but it improves the code's clarity and helps to eliminate false positives.

secure code review

6

Confirmation & POC

After we've finished all the preceding procedures, we compile a report with all our findings in an easy-to-understand style. We documented every flaw in the code and devised a patching approach to address it. The issues and recommendations are addressed between the client's development team and Kratikal's security team, and the development team corrects them as necessary.

secure code review

7

Reporting

Following the completion of all these stages, our team creates a report that summarizes all the findings in an easy-to-understand manner. All code fragments and modules with risks or issues are represented by the team. Our team is also documenting the fix solution for each issue at the same time. Following a discussion between Kratikal's team and the client's development team, the report also includes a list of recommendations.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Browse through the FAQs given below to find answers to the commonly raised questions related to the VAPT services

What is a Secure Code Review?

A secure source code review is a process of identifying and patching coding errors in the development phase before they turn into a high-level security risk. It helps in identifying hidden vulnerabilities, design flaws, insecure coding practices, backdoors, injection flaws, cross-site scripting bugs, weak cryptography, etc.ting how newly hackers could exploit newly discovered threats or emerging vulnerabilities.

What is the importance of Secure Code Review?

The importance of secure code review is to identify and locate security-related vulnerabilities and flaws within the source code. These flaws can be malicious and might make the whole code hostile for exploitation. If the source code of applications is not secure, then it might compromise the integrity, security, confidentiality, and attainability of the applications.

What is the advantage of Code Review?

The advantages of Code Review are -

  1. The design and framework implementation is consistent with the required structure of the application.
  2. Bugs are found at an early stage, which prevents any major setback that is bound to occur in the future.
  3. The codes get optimized, which in turn, improves the performance and user experience.
  4. It instills confidence in stakeholders and improves their participation.
  5. It allows the application of new techniques and collaborative approaches from the development team.
  6. It allows the fulfilment of requirements and monitoring enhances the quality of the project.

What is the significance of Peer Review in Software Testing?

The significance of peer review in software testing is to inculcate a disciplined and technical application of software development. The objective of peer review is to identify the defects and correct them by preventing leaks. A peer review in software testing is also referred to as static white box testing because of its implication in the early stages of software development.

What is a Secure Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)?

The concept of secure SDLC is to imply best programming and development practices to enhance security in the Software Development Life Cycle. The notion of security is implied at each phase of SDLC which requires engineers from the development team to focus on the element of security. This provides additional focus on the structure of the application before its deployment.

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